Congressional leaders said Tuesday morning that they had reached an agreement on the final package of spending bills to fund the federal government through the fall, although it was unclear whether they could pass it in time to avert a brief partial shutdown over the weekend.

Republicans in the House of Representatives, Democrats in the Senate and the White House were divided over the amount of funding for the Department of Homeland Security. They have been arguing for days over disagreements that have threatened to jeopardize the spending package that also funds the Pentagon, State Department and other agencies. They face a midnight deadline Friday to pass the measure and avert a funding shortfall.

A breakthrough Monday night in which Democrats and Republicans were able to agree on the level of homeland security funding for the rest of the budget year allowed negotiators to finalize their deal.

“An agreement has been reached” that will allow Congress to fund the government through Sept. 30, spokesman Mike Johnson said in a statement. “The House and Senate committees have begun drafting the bill to be prepared for publication and consideration by the full House and Senate as quickly as possible.”

Even as the measure was being written on Tuesday, President Biden issued a statement saying he planned to sign it “immediately.” No details were initially known about the package, which is expected to have a total volume of around one trillion US dollars.

The delay in finalizing the agreement could result in a short-term lack of government funding over the weekend. It will take time for congressional staffers to hammer out the text of the bill, which combines six spending measures into one comprehensive piece of legislation.

House Republicans have required Mr. Johnson to adhere to an internal rule that gives lawmakers 72 hours to review the text of a bill before voting on it, although previous House leaders have at times abandoned that policy.

And any number of senators can create procedural hurdles to passage of the bill, requiring votes on proposed changes or objecting to fast-track consideration. This tactic could cause final passage to go past 12:01 a.m. on Saturday morning, when funding expires.

“Making progress requires serious collaboration,” Sen. Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky and minority leader, said Tuesday.

“Ensuring the common defense is among our most fundamental constitutional duties, and we must be honest with ourselves,” McConnell said. “Growing threats and increasing military demands make fulfilling this responsibility even more important. The legislation before us will not be the last word from Congress, but it represents an important down payment.”

Late last year, Mr. Johnson cut the spending process in half, introducing two deadlines for a partial government shutdown instead of one deadline to avoid members having to cast a single vote on a huge total amount to fund the entire government, something Republicans have objected to repeated.

Earlier this month, lawmakers managed to negotiate and pass a $460 billion, $6 billion spending package that narrowly met the first March 8 deadline, and now they’re repeating the process — this time, haggling They are seeking funding for agencies that are more politically charged – before the second deadline at the end of this week.

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