Iowa lawmakers have passed a bill The invoice on Tuesday would make it a state crime to enter Iowa after being deported or denied entry into the United States. The passage puts the Midwestern state on track to join Texas in enforcing immigration outside the federal system.

Iowa’s bill, passed the same day the Supreme Court allowed Texas to enforce a new law allowing police officers to arrest illegal immigrants, now lands on the desk of Gov. Kim Reynolds, a Republican who said she want to sign it.

“President Biden and his administration have failed to enforce our immigration laws, thereby endangering our nation’s sovereignty and the security of its people,” Ms. Reynolds said in a statement on Tuesday evening. “States have stepped in to secure the border, prevent illegal migrants from entering our country and protect our citizens.”

Iowa Democrats, who have lost power over the past decade and are vastly outnumbered in the legislature, largely opposed the bill but had no power to stop it.

“This bill is a political ploy and a false promise that does not contain the resources needed,” said state Sen. Janice Weiner, an Iowa City-area Democrat, as her chamber debated the measure. “It’s a gotcha bill.”

The bill would make entry into Iowa a misdemeanor for someone who has previously been deported, been denied entry into the United States, or who has left the country while facing a deportation order. In some cases, even if the person had certain criminal records, the state crime would become a felony. Under this bill, Iowa police officers would not be allowed to make arrests at schools, places of worship or health care facilities.

About 6 percent of people in Iowa were born outside the United States.

The bill’s passage demonstrated the continued political importance of immigration for conservatives, even in places far from a border. As federal officials struggle to manage the influx of migrants, several Republican-led states, including Iowa, have sent National Guard troops and police officers to Texas to support Gov. Greg Abbott’s increasingly assertive approach to policing the border.

Although Texas had already implemented border security measures on private land bordering Mexico, the law making illegal border crossing a state crime marked an escalation. The Biden administration called that law, which had been blocked by the courts until Tuesday, an unconstitutional interference with federal immigration powers. The courts have not yet ruled on the merits of the Texas law, and the Iowa Legislature could face its own legal challenge.

Although the Iowa bill is more limited, it signals a growing willingness among Republican officials to address immigration issues that have long been the exclusive preserve of federal law enforcement. Arizona’s Republican-controlled Legislature passed a bill this year that would have authorized state police to arrest undocumented immigrants, but the governor, a Democrat, vetoed it.

Even in Iowa, where the state Capitol is about 1,100 miles from the Mexican border and 500 miles from Canada, Republicans described illegal immigration as an urgent threat to public safety.

“Every state is a border state,” state Sen. Jeff Reichman, a Republican from southeast Iowa, said this month. “Iowa is no exception.”

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